12 Gibbons v. Ogden

  • ​​A State of New York tried to regulate trade vessels passing through their state
  • B Supreme Court said: Only the federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce

11 McCulloch v. Maryland

  • ​​A Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the United States
  • ​B Supreme Court said: Mayland's state powers did not include the right to tax the federal government

In 1806 Charles Dickinson accused Jackson of cheating at horse racing and then called Jackson's wife a bigamist.  Jackson challenged him to a duel.  In the duel Jackson was shot in the Chest with the bullet just missing his heart.  Jackson just shook it off though and then shot and killed Dickinson.  Jackson lived the rest of his life with that bullet in his chest.

He could have used a little more murder to make him happy.

When Jackson left the presidency he was asked if he had any regrets about the last eight years, this was his response: “Only that I didn’t shoot Henry Clay and I didn’t hang John C. Calhoun.”

  • ​​Martin Van Buren becomes President after Jackson
  • F He inherits the collapsing economy from Jackson closing the bank
  • G ​A depression occurs under Van Buren and everyone blames him (Jackson screwed him over)

10 Panic of 1837

  • ​​A When the National Bank closes it scares people
  • ​B They go to the bank and exchange all their cash for gold and silver
  • ​C Banks run out of gold and silver and close
  • D ​Creates even more panic
  • C Jackson believed that the Constitution did not empower congress to create a bank
  • D Jackson feels the bank has too much power​ over the economy and Congress
  • E ​Felt that the Bank only favored the wealthy
  • F So he closed that mug, vetoed the bill to renew it

9 Jackson vs The National Bank

  • ​​A In 1832 the National Bank needed to have it's charter renewed
  • B Jackson had a personal vendetta against  the President of the National Bank, Nicholas Biddle​
  • I Andrew Jackson says heck no that's not how things work
  • ​J He will do two things if they don't pay their tariff
  •      1) Send the army down to collect the money by force
  •      2) Come down himself and hang Calhoun from a tree
  • K South Carolina believes Jackson so they back down
  • ​L Threaten to maybe later secede
  • F South Carolina decides they just won't pay the Tariff
  • F Led by John C Calhoun (Vice President of the U.S.)
  • G Called it Nullification
  • ​H They claim that Federal taxes cannot be imposed if the State considers the actions unconstitutional
  • C Southerners disliked the tariffs because it devalued their raw goods they were trying to trade to foreign nations
  • D Tariff of Abominations

8 Problems with States Rights

  • ​​A A major State's Rights issue came up over the issue of tariffs
  • ​B The North still favored tariffs because they increased the demand for American manufactured goods

7 Trail of Tears

  • A Forced relocation west of Natives from the SE US to Reservations
  • B up to 1,200 miles
  • C ​About 25% die on the way

"Justice Marshall has made his decision.  Now let him enforce it."

  • G Cherokee appeal IRA to the Supreme Court asking that their rights be protected
  • H Supreme Court sides with Cherokee say Jackson can't make them leave
  • I Jackson ignores the decision and says, Try and stop me!

6 Indian Removal Act

  • A Andrew Jackson has Congress pass the IRA
  • B Removes Natives from their land in the SE US
  • C Sends them to Reservations west of MS River
  • D ​Goal to avoid conflict between white settlers and American Indians by getting rid of them
  • E Some left willingly
  • ​F Some refused to go

The White House after Jackson’s inauguration was overwhelmed by excited citizens. It was so crowded that all the food and alcohol was taken out to the lawns, so people started jumping through windows.  The celebration became a borderline riot.  The rich political elite were cowering in fear and the authorities were searching for Andrew Jackson, they found Jackson right in the middle of the Chaos having a good time.

3 Election of 1828

  • ​A Democratic party backs Andrew Jackson because of his rejection of the National Bank 
  • B Recent changes eliminated property qualifications for voting
  • ​C Greater democracy for the common man
  • D Land slide Jackson victory
  • E A Victory For the Common Man!!!
  • F The People's President​
  • G First President not born privileged
  • H First President not from VA or MA​
  • I Represents shift of power to the common people
  • ​D Jackson gains support of the Congress and blocks all legislation that JQA and his party try to pass.
  • E Jackson essentially nullifies JQA's presidency.

On May 7, 1833, Jackson named a postmaster for New Salem, Illinois, a lawyer who had lost a race for state legislature, Abraham Lincoln, his first governmental post.

Jackson wasn't completely heartless: During a battle with Indians, Jackson found an infant boy on the battle fields after losing his mother and father. Andrew Jackson adopted him on the spot and considering him his son. His name was Lyncoya.  It was the least he could do after murdering his parents...

When Jackson saw a man who previously insulted a friend, he chased after him with a horsewhip and a pistol. Jackson was shot and wounded but still tried to kill the man. Later surgeons said his armed needed to be amputated. Andrew Jackson simply replied, “I’ll keep my arm.”

At 13, he tried to fight the British, but was captured and spent the rest of the war in a POW camp. He got a large scar on his forehead after being struck with the blunt end of a sword after refusing to cooperate with a British soldier.

2 Election of 1824

  • ​A Jackson wins more votes than the other candidates
  • B Henry Clay makes a deal with JQA and Clay's votes go to JQA
  • C Andrew Jackson HATES Henry Clay's guts
  • J Served on TN Supreme Court
  • K Was a US Senator and Congressman from TN
  • H War Hero from War of 1812 Battle of New Orleans
  • I ​Led military incursions into Spanish Florida to attack Natives
  • E Dad died in farming accident before AJ was born
  • F Age 13 Captured by British during Revolutionary War
  • G His mom and brother died soon after getting out of the British POW camp

1 Jackson's Early Life

  • A ​The Common Man
  • B Born into a very poor family in Carolina back country
  • C Difficult life​
  • ​D Worked his way up from nothing

Age of Jackson

5 Problems with Natives

  • A They were still there! in the South East United States​
  • B ​Natives fought with American settlers over land and other resources
  • C ​Natives way of life clashed with Americans​

4 Problems for Jackson

A Native Americans
B State's Rights
C Bank of the United States​

To Know Who You Are and who you want to be