Have you traveled North through the Great Plains of the United States?  What do you remember about that landscape?

  • F Late Prehistoric: Natives began living in villages, planting crops, taming animals, and hunting with bow and arrow

What do most of these have in common?

Have you been to Austin? The Bob Bullock Texas History Musum or the Capitol Building?

  • D  San Antonio

  • 1 Center of Tourism
  • 2 Home to many military bases
  • ​3 San Antonio River

1 Regions of Texas

  • A Coastal Plains​
  • B Central Plains
  • C Great Plains
  • ​D Mountains and Basins

3 Coastal Plains Subregions

  • Piney Woods, Post Oak Belt, Black Land Prairie, Gulf Coast, South Texas Prairie

What major river runs through Dallas?

  • D Paleo-Indian Period: Native Texans hunted Mammoths and Mastodons with flint tipped spears


To Know Who You Are and who you want to be

14 Karankawa

  • A Lived along the Gulf coast in the Coastal Region
  • B Nomadic tribe
  • ​C Not considered cannibals?  Because they "only ate their enemies to absorb their magical powers, not for food" (duh)
  • ​D They were tall and fearsome warriors who were skilled with long bows.

Have you Driven west across Texas from DFW?  Did you notice the road was steadily climbing up hill?

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  • E Includes the Edwards Aquifer
    • ​1 Provides drinking water for 2 million people and irrigation for agriculture

4 Cities of the Coastal Plains

  • A Dallas
    • ​1 Originally grew as financial and insurance center
    • 2 Today home to many technology and telcom companies
    • 3 DFW International, one of the busiest airports in the world 
    • 4 Trinity River
  • B Austin
    • ​​1 Capital of Texas
    • 2  Home to many technology companies
    • ​3 Famous for its many live music venues
    • ​4 Colorado River
  • C Houston
    • ​​1 Home to many industries including energy, shipping, aeronautics, and oil
    • ​2 NASA Johnson Space Center
    • ​3 San Jacnito River

13 Coahuiltecans

  • A Name of a large group of tribes or small bands of Natives in South Texas along the Rio Grande and Gulf Coast
  • B Coastal Plains region
  • ​C Originally lived in permanent wickiup huts
  • D Later they became nomadic and had no shelters
  • E Wiped out by the Spanish

10 Caddo

  • A Lives in East Texas, Coastal plains
  • ​B Live in tall dome shaped huts framed with wood and covered in grass
  • ​C Settled in villages

7 Great Plains 

  • A Southern most end of the U.S. Great Plains
  • B Palo Duro Canyon in Pan Handle
  • C Some of the best flat lands suitable for farming

Natural Texas and It's People

5 North Central Plains

  • A This region becomes increasingly drier and higher in elevation from east to west
  • B  Region begins at the Balcones Escarpment and continues west to the Caprock Escarpment
  • C It is covered by grasses and small trees
  • D Bordered to the North by the Red River

Native Texans

8 Mountains and Basins 

  • A Tall Mountains separated by large valleys
  • ​B This region has the highest elevations and the driest climate
  • ​C Guadalupe Peak highest point in Texas 8,751 ft
  • D Includes the city of El Paso
  • E Rio Grande River is border with Mexico

Have you visited San Antonio?  What was your favorite place there?

Have you ever visited the Mountains and Basins Region?  How was it different than here?

9 Native Texans

  • A American Indian tribes adapted their way of life to the different regions of Texas
  • B Nomadic groups lived in the plains regions
  • C Settled groups lived in East Texas

6 North Central Plains Subregions

  • A Grand Prairie, Cross Timbers, and Rolling Plains

2 Coastal Plains

  • A Includes most of the largest cities in Texas
    • ​1 Dallas
    • 2 Houston
    • 3 Austin 
    • ​4 San Antonio
  • B Lowest elevation of all four regions
  • C Cities developed on or near waterways for trade and transportation (Ocean/River)
  • ​D Most farming and ranching in this region
  • E Bordered to the North by the Red River
  • F Has a lot of rivers that empty in the Gulf of Mexico
  • E Archaic Period: Natives hunted Buffalo, Antelope, and Deer with an atlatl

12 Jumano

  • A Live in Mountains and Basins Region
  • B Permanent Pueblo villages of adobe homes​

11 Comanche

  • A Nomadic tribe of the Great Plains
  • B lived in Tipis
  • C Followed the Buffalo