10 1865

  • A Grant captures Richmond, VA, The capital city of the South
  • B ​Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House Virginia

9 William Tecumseh Sherman

  • A Total War
    • 1 Destroy everything the enemy could use
      • a ​Buildings, communication, railroads, food, supplies
  • B Sherman's March to the Sea
    • ​1 Sets his army out 60 miles wide
    • 2 Marches across Georgia to Savannah 300 miles 
    • 3 Destroys and burns everything in their path
    • 4 ​Burns Atlanta to the ground
    • 5 Forages Liberally
    • ​6 Break the South's will to fight
    • 7 Arrives outside Savannah and the Confederates leave hoping he won't burn the city to the ground
  • C Lincoln wins re-election
  • D In his 2nd Inaugural address Lincoln says the South will be rebuilt and will not be punished after the Civil War, we need to move forward and heal

8 1864

  • A Ulysses S. Grant is put in charge of the Union Army
  • B William Carney wins medal of honor - Black soldier in 54th MA
  • ​C He picked up American Flag that had fallen and carried in into battle

6 1863 Turning Point Battles

  • A Siege of Vicksburg (MS) - Union victory, considered a turning point battle, cuts the South in half, Falls on 4 July
  • ​B Gettysburg (PA) - Union victory that stops Lee's invasion of the North, July 1-3, deadliest battle 51,000 dead in 3 days, Lee retreats toward Virginia

5 1863

  • A Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1 ​Executive Order issued by President Lincoln
    • 2 Heavily influenced by Fredrick Douglas
    • 3 Slaves set free in the Confederate States by the Union Army
    • ​4 Allows African American men to join the Union Army
    • 5 Are southerners going to follow this? No but as the Union Army rolls through the south they use it to set slaves free in territory they take back frmo the Confederacy

2 1861

  • A South Secedes
  • B Lincoln Inaugurated
  • C Fort Sumter - First battle of the Civil War
    • 1 Union carefully and conservatively fights back
    • 2 Confederates capture Union fort in Charleston harbor SC
  • D Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) - First major conflict
    • 1 Union expects to win quickly and end the conflict
    • 2 Unexpected Confederate victory
  • E Lincoln calls up more troops to fight a war that will be longer than anyone expects
  • D Harriet Tubman - Under Ground Rail Road, system that helps 100,000 slaves escape to the North
  • ​E Sojourner Truth - Former slave (Ran away) sued to get back her son who was sold away from her as a slave, spoke for abolition and women's rights.
  • C Harriet Beecher Stowe - wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, showed the horrors of slavery

1 Abolitionist Movement

  • A End slavery
  • B ​Fredrick Douglas - Born a slave in MD, ran away to North, wrote (The North Star) and spoke out against slavery, told his story,  encouraged including former slaves in the Union Army

The American Civil War

The American Civil War

4 1862

  • A Battle of Shiloh (The Hornets Nest) - First Major Union Victory but lots of casualties
  • B Fall of New Orleans - Union cuts off Confederate supplies, begin taking over Mississippi River
  • C Antietam - Lee invades the North (MD) gets defeated but esacpes
    • ​1 If McClellan chased Lee and Captured him the war would be over
    • 2 Deadliest single day in war ever 25,000
  • D McClellan fired


To Know Who You Are and who you want to be

11 Lincoln Assassinated

  • A Shot by John Wilkes Booth
  • B Ford's Theater, Washington, DC
  • C Without Lincoln's leadership overcoming the Civil War was very difficult
  • D Northerners wanted revenge

7 Gettysburg Address

  • A Lincoln gives a speech at the battle site
  • B Says the North must continue to fight
  • C If we give up now these men all died for nothing

3 Strengths, Weaknesses and Strategy

  • A North
    • ​1 More people, ​Industry, Railroad lines, and Ships
    • 2 Have to fight an offensive war, Must invade the South
    • 3 Army led by George McClellan and later Ulysses S Grant
    • 4 President Abraham Lincoln
  • B South
    • ​1 Limited supplies, money, and manufacturing
    • 2 Fighting a defensive war
    • 3 Want European Support (never get it)
    • 4 Thought the North would tire of fighting them and quit
    • 5 Army led by Robert E Lee
    • ​6 President Jefferson Davis