• D League of United Latin American Citizens
    • ​​1 The goal of the League of United Latin American Citizens was to support the rights of Spanish speaking people

2 Inventors and Inventions

  • ​A Samuel Slater brings the water powered factory to America from England
  • ​B Eli Whitney creator of the cotton gin also developed the idea of interchangeable parts
    • ​1 interchangeable parts is a big step that leads to mass production and factories
  • ​C John Deere invents the steel plow to help farmers prepare soil for planting
  • ​D Cyrus McCormick invents the mechanical reaper to help harvest crops
  • ​E The steam powered tractor led to crops being produced in greater amounts eventually supplying more than was demanded causing a drop in prices

10 Social Reform Movements

  • ​A Prohibition
    • ​​1 Lasted from 1920 -1933
    • 2 Outlawed the production, sale, and distribution of alcohol
  • B Women's Suffrage
    • ​​1 The primary goal of the Texas Equal Suffrage Association was to win ratification of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution
    • 2 Women's suffrage, the 19th amendment was introduced in  1919
    • 3 The Suffrage Movement sought to establish the right to vote for women in the United States
  • C During WWI many Texas women entered the workforce to replace men who had gone off to fight in the war

  • C After the Hurricane of 1900 many businesses relocated to Houston instead of rebuilding in Galveston
  • ​D In 1903 Galveston began the construction of a sea wall to protect the island from storm surge
  • C Boom towns sprang up all over Texas after the discovery of oil
  • D Oil boom towns disappeared as fast as they popped up in a cycle known as Boom and Bust

8 U.S. Joins WWI

  • ​A Germany was attacking American civilian ships
    • ​1 Lusitania British Ocean Liner sailing from New York to Liverpool England, Many Americans on board
    • ​2 Torpedoed and sunk by German U-Boat
  • ​B Zimmerman Telegram
    • ​​1 Germany tried to talk Mexico into joining the war and attacking the U.S.

1 Industrialization

  • ​A Industrialization started in Europe and spread to the United States
  • ​B Industrialization is a shift in economics and lifestyle from farming to factories
  • E The urbanization of Texas resulted in an increase of jobs in the service related fields
    • ​1 As businesses grew and people more people got jobs they had money to spend
    • 2 More opportunities for service industry jobs like cooks, servers, store clerks, and more became available in cites
  • F The population of Texas, especially the city of Austin increased significantly in the 1900's

4 Oil Boom

  • ​A The first successful oil well in Texas was struck in 1901 at a place called Spindletop
  • B The Age of oil in Texas led to the growth of urban areas
  • C One result of Industrialization was that the population of cities expanded
    • 1 People left farms to get jobs in factories
    • 2 Cities became  crowded with all of these new residents
    • 3 Tenant houses, apartment buildings, were built to house more people

7 World War I Begins

  • ​A Began in 1914
  • ​B In Sarajevo Bosnia, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and his wife Sophie were assassinated
  • C Killed by Serbians angry about territory that was taken
  • ​D Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, everybody jumps in and takes sides

5 Oil Regulation

  • ​A The Texas Railroad Commission which was created under Governor James Hogg, Regulated and controlled oil prices

6 Oil in Texas

  • ​A Oil and natural gas deposits can be found in all four regions of Texas
  • ​BTechnological innovation helped to expand the oil industry in Texas
  • C Howard Hughes, owner of Hughes Tool Company, made a huge contribution to the Texas oil industry when he created the "Sharp -Hughes" a special rotary tri-cone rock drill bit that was used in the Texas Oil Boom

Modernizing Texas

Industrialization, Oil, Social Reform, and WWI

9 Texas during WWI

  • ​A Camp Bowie
    • ​1 Built in 1917 near Fort Worth
    • ​2 Training base for army soldiers
    • 3 Camp Bowie Road and the Camp Bowie district are a neighborhood in Fort Worth today

3 Hurricane 1900

  • ​A Nature had a devastating impact on Texas during this era
  • B In the year 1900 before, long before sophisticate weather prediction and observation technology, a massive hurricane snuck up on and devastated Galveston Island
  • B Kelly Field
    • ​​1 Established in 1917 near San Antonio
    • 2 Training base for pilots
  • D Increases in population also led to increases in pollution and illness
    • ​1 Pollution came not only from factories but from all of the homes in which people burned wood and coal for everything
      • ​a steam powered factory machines
      • b heating homes
      • c cooking food
    • 2 Smoke poured from every building in a city
    • 3 People working in close quarters in factories easily spread diseases to each other, just like the flu spreads through our school
  • C Populist Movement
    • ​​1 The populist movement was organized to address reforms needed to protect agricultural workers
    • ​2 Farmers were suffering from crop failures, falling prices, poor marketing, and lack of loans
    • 3 James Hogg became governor of Texas with the support of populist groups like the Texas Farmers Union, Farmers Alliance, and The Grange

To Know Who You Are and who you want to be

World War 1