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Columbian Exchange

IV long Lasting Impacts

  • A European countries become richer and more powerful leading to them dominating the world for over 400 years
  • B Native American populations devastated by war and disease
  • C African Slavery begins in the Caribbean to do the work on farms and spreads
  • D Wars for land, wealth, and freedom are fought between European nations, their colonies, and their people for 400 years
  • ​E Columbian Exchange introduces new things to each continent involved in Triangular Trade

III Reasons for European Exploration In The New World

  • A God - Religious Freedom: Pilgrims, Puritans, and Quakers ;Spread Christianity: Spanish Catholic Missions
  • B Gold - Anything of value: Gold, Silver, Food, Furs, Animal Skins, land, slaves
  • C Glory - Fame, Power, Importance

II European Countries In The New World

  • A Spain leads the way and dominates Central America by brutally taking Native riches and land
  • ​B Portugal takes South America but with less brutality
  • C France goes to North America and the Caribbean to establish trade settlements.
  • D France settles Mississippi River valley to trap for furs and trade with the Natives
  • E The Netherlands develop trade settlements in North America, South America, and the Caribbean.  Most importantly New Amsterdam.
  • ​F England is the last European country to begin settling in the new world.  They struggle to find success.

The New World

  • Yes it had always been there and Natives had always lived there
  • Called the new world because there was no record of contact between the rest of the world and this new place​

Ancient Chinese maps of North America and shipwrecks found of  Chinese Junks (ships) of that era have been found off the coast of California. Native American legends tell of Chinese visitors.

 In the Pacific Northwest of the present-day United States, investigations at eight different sites have uncovered Chinese coins.

 A garment from the Nez Perce tribe of present-day Idaho that's dated at over 300 years old has woven ornaments into it that are believed to be Chinese beads.

1421 Theory

In his bestselling book, "1421: The Year China Discovered America," British amateur historian Gavin Menzies turns the story of the Europeans' discovery of America on its ear with a startling idea: Chinese sailors beat Christopher Columbus to the Americas by more than 70 years.

Columbus definitely wasn't the first European to arrive in the new world.

​Most famously Leif Ericsson beat Columbus to the new world by about 500 years.  He was a viking conquere who sailed from Greenland to parts of North America known today as Newfoundland Canada around the year 1000 AD.

It is believed that Columbus first made land fall on the island of Samana Cay.  At that time the natives called it Guanahani. 

I Europeans Arrive


  • A ​In 1492 Columbus sailed the Ocean Blue
  • B ​Looking for a western water route to Asia​
  • ​Landed on an island in the Bahamas
  • Columbus becomes the first European to continually return to the new world
  • ​He starts a flood of millions of Europeans traveling to the new world.

European Exploration